Cash Management 101

2020 has been a rough year for small businesses. As you pick up the pieces and plan for 2021, it’s a good time to review the basics of cash management 101. Need help improving your cash flow? We can help! Keep reading for treasury management tips and your best options for cash management help.

What is Cash Management?

In business, Cash Management is a key component of a company's financial stability

In business, cash management is a key component of a company’s financial stability. Through the process of collecting and managing cash flows, your ultimate goal is to maximize liquidity and minimize the cost of funds.

So, how does cash management work? The two main steps are to monitor your business’ incoming and outgoing payments so you always know where your cash flow stands.

If your cash flow is projected to fall short, having a business line of credit can help. With careful cash management and access to a flexible credit line, you can spot shortages before they trip up your operation and transfer funds from your credit line to cover the gap until more money comes in.

Understanding the Cash Flow Statement

The Cash Flow Statement is a central component of cash flow management for businesses.

Now that you know cash management is the process of managing cash inflows and outflows, let’s look at the cash flow statement, which records cash inflows and outflows with a bottom line that shows how much cash is available at a given time. It is broken into three parts: operating, investing, and financing. Since cash is the primary asset your business uses to pay obligations, it must be managed accordingly to maximize earnings. The cash flow statement is a central component of cash flow management for businesses.

Why is Cash Management important to my business?

Why is Cash Management important to my business?

Good cash management will impact future growth for the company. If done improperly, your business may suffer problems such as:

  • Poor understanding of the cash flow cycle
  • Uncertainty of the difference between profit vs. cash
  • Lack of cash management skills
  • Bad capital investments

Cash Management vs. Treasury Management

Cash Management vs. Treasury Management

Though these terms are used interchangeably, the scope of Treasury Management is much larger and includes a company’s funding and investment activities. In contrast, Cash Management usually refers to wire transfers, sweep accounts, merchant services, and business credit options.

What is Cash Flow?

Cash flow is the net amount of cash and cash-equivalents transferred into and out of your business.

What is cash flow used for?

A positive cash flow shows that your business’s liquid assets are growing, which can help you pay off debts, reinvest in the business, and more. The greater flexibility you have with your cash flow, the stronger your overall business will be to both take advantage of boom times as well as weather downturns.

What is Working Capital?

A company's working capital is the result of its current assets minus liabilities.

A company’s working capital is the result of its current assets minus liabilities. Working capital balances are an important part of cash flow management because they show the amount of assets a company has on hand to cover its liabilities.

  • Current assets: cash, accounts receivable within one year, inventory
  • Current liabilities: all accounts payable due within one-year, short-term debt payments due within one year

What is ACH?

Recent rule changes mean most credit and debit transactions made through the ACH will clear on the same business day.

The automated clearing house (ACH) is an electronic funds-transfer system that facilitates payments in the U.S. Recent rule changes mean most credit and debit transactions made through the ACH will clear on the same business day.

Where can I get help with cash management?

As your community bank in the Shenandoah Valley, F&M Bank offers everything your business needs to manage cash flow. With online cash management to streamline your processes, you’ll enjoy 24/7 access to current transactions and old bank statements, funds transfers, bill and loan payments, and more. Simplify your payroll and enjoy local support with all your Merchant Services needs.

Learn more about cash management services from F&M Bank!

Since 1908, F&M Bank has been offering personal and business banking services in the Shenandoah Valley and beyond. Our local team guides you to the accounts and services you need to do business in the Valley. Personal service from people you know and trust lets you develop relationships with your banker. Contact a member of our team to learn more about our cash management services!

Online Check Orders

F&M Bank has partnered with a new vendor to manage and process our check orders. You will notice a few minor changes when placing your next online order.

The new check order portal can be accessed through our website, or your online banking account. The look has changed, but you can expect the same functionality! Check orders will be conveniently delivered directly to your address on file.

You may order the standard F&M Bank checks, or shop our vendor’s catalog for custom design options. Those can also be found on our website prior to placing your order.

The online portal is an easy to use option designed for your convenience, however you may still continue to order checks through your local branch if preferred. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us!

Bonus Rewards Customer Referral Program Notice

This message is to inform you that F&M Bank’s Bonus Rewards Customer Referral program will be coming to an end July 31, 2020. We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause and thank you for referring friends through this program.

At this time, if you are enrolled in Bonus Rewards, all existing points can be redeemed through the expiration date printed on the applicable certificate; no new points will accrue after July 31, 2020. To check your point balance, or redeem points, visit and login using your account credentials. This website will remain operational through July 31, 2022.

Points will no longer be offered as a card member benefit of the My Rewards Platinum and Gold Debit Card Program as of July 31, 2020. All additional program benefits will remain.


Yes. You will have account access through July 31, 2022.

Points will accrue through July 31, 2020.

Points will accrue through July 31, 2020.

All unredeemed rewards points will expire if not used by the expiration date printed on the applicable certificate.

The portal will be active through July 31, 2020.

Points will accrue through July 31, 2020. Following that date, rewards points will not be offered as a card holder benefit.

Rewards points will not be offered as a card holder benefit. No other benefits will be impacted.

Contact Us

If you have any comments or questions regarding the Bonus Reward Program, please do not hesitate to reach out to your nearest branch or contact us online.

Your account statements have a new look!

New Account Statement Formats

To make it easier to track your finances, we’re introducing a new, fresh statement format for a more user-friendly experience. Watch your mail (or email if you receive e-statements) for our updated personal and business statements and envelopes. For questions, please contact your local branch. Location details may be found here.

Preview a sample checking statement [pdf].

MyCardRules App Migration Notice

On Monday, June 17th, F&M Bank will be migrating to a new MyCardRules administrative platform. To help ensure you are operating on the latest version of the MyCardRules app and your username is not duplicated, on migration day, please log out of your account, and then log back in with your username and password.

Following the migration, you will not need to re-register your cards. Your control and alert settings will remain the same. The 30-day transaction history in the MyCardRules mobile app will not be migrated, but history will begin again starting with the first transaction after the migration.

If you experience any issues on June 17th, or following the MyCardRules conversion, please access this best practices guide, or call our customer support center at 540-896-8941.

What’s a money market and who should open one?

We all have savings goals – purchasing a new puppy, finding a dream home, taking a tropical vacation. But, how do you make those goals achievable?

Consider opening a money market account to help boost your savings.

But first, what is a money market account and how does it work?

If you’ve run across the term at your bank, you’ve probably wondered what it means. Put simply, a money market (MMA) is very similar to a savings account, but it’s more desirable as interest rates and terms are typically far superior. MMAs are also FDIC insured up to federal limits and have a limited number of withdrawals or outgoing payments during each statement cycle.

Who should open a money market?

A money market account is worth considering if you’re looking for a low-risk way to grow your savings.

It’s also a great fit if:

  • You want an account more liquid than a saver but earns higher interest than a checking.
  • You aren’t willing to part with your money for the period of time a CD would require.
  • You want some check writing ability.
  • You want quick access to funds in case of an unforeseen expense.

While MMAs are typically associated with big balances, at F&M Bank, you don’t need a huge deposit to get our attention. You can bank like a millionaire (without being one) by taking advantage of our competitive rates!

If you think a money market account is a good fit for your finances, be sure to contact us and book an appointment with one of our branch representatives! We’d love to help you set up an account so you can start earning today!

Best Apps for Money Management

With the proper tools, it’s never been easier to build your financial literacy, monitor daily transactions, and grow your accounts to meet short and long-term savings goals.

Do you like to use technology to problem solve and create more efficiency in your life? If you said yes, then “fintech,” a term that describes the merging of tech and finance, is a good match for you. With an ever-growing number of money management apps, access to everything from personal accounts to global markets is at our fingertips. People of all ages from kids to retirees, as well as business owners, can not only get a detailed overview of their financial situation but have fun tracking every dollar and cent. With the proper tools, it’s never been easier to build your financial literacy, monitor daily transactions, and grow your accounts to meet short and long-term savings goals.

Whether it’s creating a budget, organizing your personal finances, saving for vacations and retirement, or managing your small business’ spending, all aspects of your money can be managed directly from your smartphone. We’ve identified some of the best personal finance, investment, business, and kids’ apps to streamline your time and resources. All are free to download and use unless otherwise noted.

Best Personal Finance Apps

From credit cards to bank and retirement accounts, our financial lives are complicated. Understanding what you have and how to make it work for you is critical. Whether you’re trying to improve your credit score before making your first home purchase, or you want to save for a vacation or big purchase, these apps can help you take those specific steps as well as basic ones like creating a budget.

Know Your Credit Score

As your credit score is the backbone of your financial life, consider downloading Credit Karma. It gives you a free copy of your credit report as well as advice on steps you can take to get your score where you want it to be. In this age of online security threats, Credit Karma also provides you with notifications to alert you to new activity reflected on your report.

Banking Apps

Your bank account is at the heart of all you do, from paying bills to buying lunch on the go. A sound banking app, such as F&M Bank’s Mobile Banking app will make you the master of your domain from the convenience of your phone or tablet.  Your account is kept safe via passcode or touch ID entry to the app, where you can view transactions, pay bills, deposit checks through mobile deposit, and transfer funds between F&M bank accounts. Using the F&M mobile app will not save any sensitive information to your phone.

Budgeting Apps

While on-the-go access to your accounts is essential, creating objectives for your money is just as critical. Squirrel is F&M Bank’s no-cost Personal Financial Management Tool and it enables you to track your spending, create budgets, and set goals. While you’ll need an F&M Bank online account login to use Squirrel, you can link your Squirrel account to other accounts you have such as a 401(k) or other retirement account. With access to 15,000 financial institutions, Squirrel provides you with a full financial picture, including a cash flow calendar and visual tracking of progress to your goals.

With a complete financial picture, including your total net worth after debts and assets are combined, Squirrel offers the same information as the mobile banking app as well as so much more. Don’t just watch your money go in and out on your account ledger. Take control and set goals for saving and debt repayment, check cash flow before making discretionary purchases, and feel empowered to take the steering wheel of your financial life

F&M Bank Squirrel App

Best Apps for Business Owners

Companies with a business checking account can also use their bank’s mobile app to keep track of daily transactions and cash flow.

Beyond you’re a business banking app, inDinero is a tax compliance and accounting app that compiles information from all of your business bank accounts and credit cards to present a clear, comprehensive view of your company’s spending. Discover where your money goes and when, and obtain forecasts of future spending based on current trends. inDinero allows you to gain insight into the total picture of your business’ finances. Plans start at $295/month.

To take the pain out of small business accounting, consider adding Freshbooks to your life. This software makes your billing process seamless and straightforward, creating attractive, professional invoices in seconds. You can track your time on projects and follow-up with clients directly from Freshbooks, freeing you from cumbersome paperwork and administrative tasks. Freshbooks allows you to track your expenses and, because it’s cloud-based, you can have a snapshot of all of your business expenses anytime, anywhere. After a 30 day free trial, Freshbooks offers monthly plans starting at $10.

F&M Bank Treehouse Club ScreenshotBest Money Apps for Kids

F&M Bank Treehouse Club makes saving fun.  Kids can access their savings account as well as play games designed to increase their financial literacy. The app makes earning and learning can be exciting for little ones.

PiggyBot is a virtual piggy bank to make savings a more hands-on experience for kids. They can feature photos of the items they are saving for in PiggyBot for additional incentive to keep adding to their bank, combining the popularity of picture-based platforms into the app.

How will you use “Fintech” to manage your money?

Whatever your current financial situation and future goals, the range of quality personal finance and business apps can make the path to a sound financial future easier and more manageable than ever. With just a few apps added to your tablet or mobile device, you can understand your money in new ways and, more importantly, make it work for you. F&M Bank customers, and those who would like to open an F&M Bank account, can take advantage of our free Personal Financial Management Tool, Squirrel. It’s just another way we fulfill our mission as a community bank to meet the needs of our customers and community by offering the best financial products.

Join the Treehouse Savings Club!


Maximize Your Mobile Banking Experience

Mobile banking is more than just a convenient way to check your accounts on the go – it’s a toolbox.

In fact, when you log-in to your account, you have dozens of tools at your disposal, and the best part, they’re free! If you’re enrolled in mobile banking, but not taking advantage of various alerts and account preferences, use the below tips to turn your digital banking into an aid for managing your money and monitoring your account activity.

Mobile banking is more than just a convenient way to check your accounts on the go – it’s a toolbox.

In fact, when you log-in to your account, you have dozens of tools at your disposal, and the best part, they’re free! If you’re enrolled in mobile banking, but not taking advantage of various alerts and account preferences, use the below tips to turn your digital banking into an aid for managing your money and monitoring your account activity.

1) Set Up Alerts

In the F&M Bank mobile app, customers can set up various text alerts based on account activity. Here are a few alert options you can access in minutes.


If you are not proactive at checking your account balance on a regular basis, you can receive a text either daily, or monthly, depending on your preference. This is a great way to ensure your checkbook and online account balances match!

  • Daily balance – This will send an alert of your daily balance for a particular account.
  • Monthly balance – This will send an alert once a month of your current balance on a particular day.

Balances Above/Below

You also can set up alerts that notify you when your account balance falls below or goes above and indicated amount. For example, if you establish an alert and indicate $1,000 as your preferred checking account balance, you will be alerted via text if an expenditure drops your balance to $950. This tool can serve as a wake-up call for overspending, or a pleasant surprise for those trying to achieve a savings goal.

  • Balances above/below – This will send an alert when your balance falls below or goes above the amount you define.


This tool alerts you when certain transactions are made. You can select which transactions interest you (ACH, Debit Card, Wires, etc.), or, you can select all. A dollar amount must be established. For example, if you want to receive a text every time a debit card transaction is made greater than $50, you can set up that alert in minutes. This is a great way to monitor fraud, and ensure you are aware of the purchases being made on your account.

  • Transaction – this will send alerts when particular transactions are applied to your account.

To begin setting up alerts, visit the “Text Banking” tab in the mobile app.

2) Make Savings Automatic

Take advantage of the automatic transfer tool in online banking to build your savings. If you know your paycheck posts to your account every Friday, schedule a weekly transfer from your checking account to savings. If you don’t think you can afford to save a large amount each week, start small. By setting up an auto-transfer, you’re consistently saving, and that is what is important. Just click, the “Transfers” tab in the mobile app to get started.

3) Protect Your Accounts with Touch ID

F&M Bank’s mobile app is extremely secure – it uses 128-bit SSL (Secure Socket Layer) encryption to protect your information and we don’t store any information on your phone. You are required to log in each time you access your account information or bill pay services through Mobile Banking. Instead of entering your username and password every time, use your thumb print instead! Just visit the “User Options” tab to set up this feature.

4) Deposit Checks on the Go

Deposit checks quickly and safely with the F&M Bank mobile app!

  • Sign in to the app.
  • Click on “Mobile Deposit Capture”.
  • Choose deposit checks. Or, click transactions to view recent deposits.
  • Follow the prompts on your mobile screen.
  • Confirm the details are correct and press “submit”.
  • You will come to the final screen – press “I agree”, and you are finished.